Humayun's Tomb History

Mughal emperor Humayun died in 1556 and was buried in his palace in Dehli.

Later he was reburied in Sirhind, Punjab in order to secure him from possible damage by Hindu king Hemu, who had defeated the Mughals in Agra and Delhi in 1556.

In 1565, nine years after Humayun’s death, his empress consort Bega Begum decided to create the most beautiful tomb for her deceased husband. The construction lasted 7 years and was finished in 1572.

The decline of the monument started almost immediately after its construction. The capital was moved to Agra, the Mughal dynasty started to decline and the monument lost its importance to the ruling elites.

After a century from the construction of the monument the surrounding gardens were being used as vegetable gardens for people who settled near the mausoleum. In 1857, after British invasion of Delhi, these vegetable gardens were replaced with English style gardens. Later from 1903-1909 the original look of the garden was recreated by the order of Viceroy, Lord Curzon.


Humayun’s tomb is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993. Since then several important renovation projects were accomplished in this complex.

Major restorations of the monument and surrounding gardens were organized from 1999 to 2003.

Thanks to the efforts of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, the Archaeological Survey of India and the National Culture Fund a project with total cost of $650,000.

As a result all the monuments and green spaces were restored. The water channels of the garden were re-laid, a new water circulation system for the walkway channels was created, more than two thousand trees were planted in the garden, and the fountains of the garden started functioning again.



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